Melechesh is an Assyrian black metal band that originated in Jerusalem.  The band’s goal was to create a type of black metal incorporating extensive Middle Eastern influences mainly based on Assyrian (Mesopotamian) and occult themes (both musically and lyrically); the band invented the title "Assyrian metal" to best describe their type of metal.  

Problems between Melechesh and the strictly religious people in Jerusalem, as well as professional and personal reasons, encouraged the band to relocate with members going to The Netherlands where they could continue work without the hassle from religious authorities.